Corona Virus- Covid 19

What is Coronavirus?

There are many types of coronaviruses, collectively they (coronaviruses) are a huge family of viruses. The threat to human lives that we are facing recently is also due to a type of coronavirus that is emerged recently so we don’t have any previous knowledge, treatment options, or vaccines for this virus.

The world health organization has called this disease COVID-19 and declared it a pandemic. The symptoms of this fatal disease tends to appear within 2-14 days after exposure and generally include dry cough, fever, a runny nose, difficult breathing, etc.

How does the coronavirus spread?

One of the major mediums for the spread of this disease is the respiratory droplets of infected people. These respiratory droplets remains in the air for a longer duration and if someone inhales them he or she may get infected. Besides this, these droplets may settle on surfaces such as on tables, chairs, door knobs, handles, etc., and when someone touches these contaminated objects and then touches his own mouth, eyes, or nose, may get infected with coronavirus by allowing them to enter their bodies.

Who is affected?

This disease can infect people of all ages, however, based on the findings of the Disease Control and Prevention Centres in China and South Korea, the people who are above 60 tends to die more due to this infection that may due to their weaker immune system and other existing diseases such as diabetes, obesity, etc.

How can it be tested? Or Test for coronavirus!

The coronavirus is detected by performing a RT-PCR test6 which stands for Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction Test. It is a DNA-based test that instantly tells if a person is infected or not. For this test in India, there are 52 labs that belong to the Viral Research and Diagnostic Laboratories network of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and 10 labs that belong to th
e National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), and the NIV.

What is the treatment for Coronavirus?

As of now, March 2020, there is no specific treatment for suspected or confirmed COVID-19 infection. Even there are no specific anti-virals that can be recommended for its treatment due to lack of adequate evidence from clinical trials and medical literature. At present, in India, the Union Health Ministry guidelines have advised to use anti-HIV drug combinations Lopinavir and Ritonavir based on the condition of the infected person.

How to protect yourself from Coronavirus or COVID-19:


Washing Hands:

There can be various types of bacteria and viruses on our hands as we touch a lot of things while performing our day to day tasks. So, washing your hands regularly with soap, hand wash or any other alcohol-based sanitizer helps remove bacteria and viruses completely.

The genetic material of viruses like coronavirus is enclosed in a layer of fat which is known as the lipid envelope. The molecules of soap, hand sanitizers or hand wash, etc., have the ability to break the lipid envelope of the virus and breaks the virus into its components which are removed by water. In addition to this, the alcohol may change the shape or denature the mushroom-shaped protein structures in the lipid envelope. These protein structures that protrude out of the lipid envelope help the virus to bind to human cells and enter the cells, so altering its shape may definitely stop virus from spreading.

Using a mask:
Masks help prevent the spread of coronavirus by preventing you from inhaling the droplets containing virus. These droplets are released into the air from the sneezing and coughing of an infected person. However, it will help only if you wear the mask correctly.

Social distancing:
As per WHO guidelines, social distancing is also one of the best preventive measures against coronavirus. Here, a person is required to maintain a distance of at least 1 meter (3 feet) between him and others. It helps prevent the inhalation of infected droplets present in the air.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth:
It helps prevent viruses from entering into your body through eyes, nose and mouth.

The list of COVID-19 (Corona Virus) of World is as follows:

Country,
Other
Total
Cases
New
Cases
Total
Deaths
New
Deaths
Total
Recovered
Active
Cases
Serious,
Critical
Tot Cases/
1M pop
Deaths/
1M pop
Total
Tests
Tests/
1M pop
Continent
World 3,727,802 +3,284 258,338 +311 1,242,347 2,227,117 49,248 478 33.1     All
USA 1,237,633   72,271   200,628 964,734 16,179 3,739 218 7,727,811 23,347 North America
Spain 250,561   25,613   154,718 70,230 2,254 5,359 548 1,932,455 41,332 Europe
Italy 213,013   29,315   85,231 98,467 1,427 3,523 485 2,246,666 37,158 Europe
UK 194,990   29,427   N/A 165,219 1,559 2,872 433 1,383,842 20,385 Europe
France 170,551   25,531   52,736 92,284 3,430 2,613 391 1,100,228 16,856 Europe
Germany 167,007   6,993   135,100 24,914 1,937 1,993 83 2,547,052 30,400 Europe
Russia 155,370   1,451   19,865 134,054 2,300 1,065 10 4,460,357 30,564 Europe
Turkey 129,491   3,520   73,285 52,686 1,338 1,535 42 1,204,421 14,281 Asia
Brazil 115,953 +1,238 7,958 +37 48,221 59,774 8,318 546 37 339,552 1,597 South America
Iran 99,970   6,340   80,475 13,155 2,685 1,190 75 519,543 6,186 Asia
Canada 62,046   4,043   26,993 31,010 502 1,644 107 940,567 24,921 North America
Peru 51,189   1,444   15,413 34,332 709 1,553 44 406,579 12,331 South America
Belgium 50,509   8,016   12,441 30,052 646 4,358 692 456,194 39,362 Europe
India 49,400   1,693   14,142 33,565   36 1 1,191,946 864 Asia
Netherlands 41,087   5,168   N/A 35,669 644 2,398 302 235,909 13,768 Europe
Ecuador 31,881   1,569   3,433 26,879 159 1,807 89 80,171 4,544 South America
Saudi Arabia 30,251   200   5,431 24,620 143 869 6 376,607 10,818 Asia
Switzerland 30,009   1,795   25,400 2,814 121 3,467 207 286,403 33,092 Europe
Mexico 26,025 +1,120 2,507 +236 16,810 6,708 378 202 19 100,041 776 North America
Portugal 25,702   1,074   1,743 22,885 134 2,521 105 469,435 46,038 Europe
Sweden 23,216   2,854   4,074 16,288 435 2,299 283 148,500 14,704 Europe
Pakistan 22,550 +501 526 +12 6,217 15,807 111 102 2 232,582 1,053 Asia
Chile 22,016   275   10,710 11,031 470 1,152 14 222,095 11,618 South America
Ireland 21,983   1,339   13,386 7,258 93 4,452 271 214,761 43,493 Europe
Singapore 19,410   18   1,519 17,873 24 3,318 3 143,919 24,600 Asia
Belarus 18,350   107   3,771 14,472 92 1,942 11 211,369 22,369 Europe
Qatar 17,142   12   1,924 15,206 72 5,950 4 109,762 38,098 Asia
Israel 16,289   238   10,465 5,586 89 1,882 27 417,100 48,189 Asia
Austria 15,650   606   13,462 1,582 104 1,738 67 285,883 31,742 Europe
Japan 15,253   556   4,496 10,201 308 121 4 186,343 1,473 Asia
UAE 15,192   146   3,153 11,893 1 1,536 15 1,200,000 121,330 Asia
Poland 14,431   716   4,280 9,435 160 381 19 394,270 10,418 Europe
Romania 13,837   841   5,454 7,542 244 719 44 205,842 10,700 Europe
Ukraine 12,697   316   1,875 10,506 167 290 7 139,759 3,196 Europe
Indonesia 12,071   872   2,197 9,002   44 3 121,547 444 Asia
Bangladesh 10,929   183   1,403 9,343 1 66 1 93,405 567 Asia
S. Korea 10,806 +2 255 +1 9,333 1,218 55 211 5 643,095 12,543 Asia
Denmark 9,821   503   7,296 2,022 49 1,696 87 257,738 44,497 Europe
Philippines 9,684   637   1,408 7,639 31 88 6 132,689 1,211 Asia
Serbia 9,677   200   1,723 7,754 51 1,108 23 111,278 12,736 Europe
Colombia 8,613   378   2,013 6,222 128 169 7 127,105 2,498 South America
Dominican Republic 8,480   354   1,905 6,221 144 782 33 33,377 3,077 North America
Norway 7,955   215   32 7,708 27 1,467 40 189,657 34,984 Europe
Czechia 7,896   257   4,006 3,633 59 737 24 269,093 25,128 Europe
South Africa 7,572   148   2,746 4,678 36 128 2 268,064 4,520 Africa
Panama 7,523 +136 210 +7 823 6,490 88 1,744 49 36,483 8,455 North America
Egypt 7,201   452   1,730 5,019   70 4 90,000 879 Africa
Australia 6,875 +26 97 +1 5,975 803 27 270 4 684,615 26,848 Australia/Oceania
Malaysia 6,383   106   4,567 1,710 24 197 3 213,220 6,588 Asia
Kuwait 5,804   40   2,032 3,732 90 1,359 9 196,397 45,988 Asia
Finland 5,412   246   3,500 1,666 48 977 44 106,300 19,185 Europe
Morocco 5,219   181   1,838 3,200 1 141 5 49,570 1,343 Africa
Argentina 5,020   264   1,472 3,284 148 111 6 69,718 1,543 South America
Algeria 4,838   470   2,067 2,301 22 110 11 6,500 148 Africa
Moldova 4,363   136   1,544 2,683 237 1,082 34 20,447 5,069 Europe
Kazakhstan 4,205   29   1,279 2,897 40 224 2 320,411 17,064 Asia
Luxembourg 3,840   96   3,412 332 22 6,134 153 49,299 78,755 Europe
Bahrain 3,720   8   1,762 1,950 1 2,186 5 155,501 91,387 Asia
Afghanistan 3,224   95   421 2,708 7 83 2 13,076 336 Asia
Hungary 3,065   363   709 1,993 55 317 38 85,557 8,857 Europe
Thailand 2,988   54   2,747 187 61 43 0.8 227,860 3,264 Asia
Nigeria 2,950   98   481 2,371 4 14 0.5 19,512 95 Africa
Oman 2,735   13   858 1,864 17 536 3 40,459 7,923 Asia
Ghana 2,719   18   294 2,407 4 88 0.6 129,461 4,166 Africa
Greece 2,642   146   1,374 1,122 35 253 14 83,750 8,035 Europe
Armenia 2,619   40   1,111 1,468 10 884 13 25,846 8,722 Asia
Iraq 2,431   102   1,571 758   60 3 113,484 2,821 Asia
Uzbekistan 2,207   10   1,501 696 8 66 0.3 325,000 9,710 Asia
Croatia 2,112   83   1,560 469 14 514 20 39,973 9,737 Europe
Cameroon 2,104   64   953 1,087 12 79 2     Africa
Azerbaijan 2,060   26   1,508 526 18 203 3 164,481 16,222 Asia
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,946   79   911 956 4 593 24 35,296 10,758 Europe
Guinea 1,811   10   498 1,303   138 0.8     Africa
Bolivia 1,802 +121 86 +4 187 1,529 3 154 7 7,651 655 South America
Iceland 1,799   10   1,733 56   5,272 29 51,345 150,465 Europe
Estonia 1,711   55   261 1,395 6 1,290 41 57,423 43,288 Europe
Bulgaria 1,704   80   342 1,282 37 245 12 50,303 7,239 Europe
Cuba 1,685   69   954 662 8 149 6 57,711 5,095 North America
North Macedonia 1,526   86   1,013 427 21 732 41 17,359 8,332 Europe
New Zealand 1,488 +2 21 +1 1,316 151 2 309 4 160,700 33,325 Australia/Oceania
Ivory Coast 1,464   18   701 745   56 0.7 11,448 434 Africa
Slovenia 1,445   98   244 1,103 17 695 47 57,504 27,660 Europe
Lithuania 1,423   46   678 699 17 523 17 149,106 54,772 Europe
Slovakia 1,421   25   741 655 6 260 5 99,864 18,291 Europe
Senegal 1,329   11   470 848 6 79 0.7 17,787 1,062 Africa
Honduras 1,270 +92 93 +10 122 1,055 10 128 9 5,653 571 North America
Djibouti 1,120   2   745 373   1,134 2 14,378 14,553 Africa
Hong Kong 1,041   4   920 117 1 139 0.5 154,989 20,674 Asia
Tunisia 1,022   43   482 497 17 86 4 25,165 2,129 Africa
Latvia 896   17   348 531 4 475 9 66,150 35,071 Europe
Cyprus 878   15   296 567 15 727 12 66,975 55,472 Asia
Kyrgyzstan 843   11   600 232 13 129 2 56,488 8,658 Asia
Somalia 835   38   75 722 2 53 2     Africa
Albania 820   31   570 219 7 285 11 9,276 3,223 Europe
Sudan 778   45   70 663   18 1     Africa
Sri Lanka 771   9   213 549 1 36 0.4 29,283 1,368 Asia
Niger 763   38   543 182   32 2 5,375 222 Africa
Guatemala 763 +33 19   79 665 5 43 1 7,200 402 North America
Costa Rica 755   6   413 336 5 148 1 14,121 2,772 North America
Andorra 751   46   514 191 16 9,720 595 1,673 21,653 Europe
Lebanon 741   25   206 510 43 109 4 42,488 6,225 Asia
Mayotte 739   9   352 378 6 2,709 33 3,400 12,463 Africa
Diamond Princess 712   13   645 54 4          
DRC 705   34   90 581   8 0.4     Africa
Burkina Faso 688   48   548 92   33 2     Africa
Uruguay 670   17   468 185 10 193 5 23,811 6,855 South America
Mali 612   32   228 352   30 2 2,172 107 Africa
Georgia 604   9   240 355 6 151 2 20,579 5,159 Asia
San Marino 589   41   92 456 5 17,359 1,208 2,538 74,799 Europe
El Salvador 587   14 +1 205 368 3 90 2 32,030 4,938 North America
Maldives 573   2   20 551 2 1,060 4 9,863 18,246 Asia
Channel Islands 545   40   406 99   3,135 230 5,342 30,725 Europe
Kenya 535   24   182 329 2 10 0.4 25,861 481 Africa
Malta 482   5   403 74 1 1,092 11 36,945 83,672 Europe
Tanzania 480   16   167 297 7 8 0.3     Africa
Jamaica 473 +2 9   56 408   160 3 5,993 2,024 North America
Jordan 471   9   375 87 5 46 0.9 91,666 8,984 Asia
Taiwan 438   6   334 98   18 0.3 65,589 2,754 Asia
Paraguay 431   10   135 286 7 60 1 11,913 1,670 South America
Réunion 424       300 124 2 474       Africa
Guinea-Bissau 413   1   19 393   210 0.5 1,500 762 Africa
Gabon 397   6   93 298 1 178 3 724 325 Africa
Palestine 371   2   127 242   73 0.4 32,200 6,312 Asia
Venezuela 367 +6 10   164 193 1 13 0.4 490,851 17,262 South America
Mauritius 332   10   319 3 3 261 8 18,959 14,908 Africa
Isle of Man 326   23   271 32 19 3,834 270 3,459 40,678 Europe
Montenegro 324   8   253 63 2 516 13 7,816 12,445 Europe
Equatorial Guinea 315   3   13 299   225 2 854 609 Africa
Tajikistan 293   5     288   31 0.5     Asia
Vietnam 271       232 39 8 3   261,004 2,681 Asia
Rwanda 261       129 132   20   35,992 2,779 Africa
Congo 236   10   26 200   43 2     Africa
Sierra Leone 199   11   43 145   25 1     Africa
Faeroe Islands 187       185 2   3,827   8,157 166,936 Europe
Cabo Verde 186   2   37 147   335 4 791 1,423 Africa
Martinique 181   14   83 84 5 482 37     North America
Sao Tome and Principe 174   3   4 167   794 14 175 799 Africa
Liberia 170   20   58 92   34 4     Africa
Chad 170   17   43 110   10 1     Africa
Myanmar 161   6   49 106   3 0.1 9,037 166 Asia
Guadeloupe 152   12   98 42 5 380 30     North America
Madagascar 151       101 50 1 5   3,861 139 Africa
Ethiopia 145   4   91 50   1 0.03 25,135 219 Africa
Gibraltar 144       133 11   4,274   2,931 86,997 Europe
Zambia 138   3   92 43 1 8 0.2 7,277 396 Africa
Brunei 138   1   131 6 2 315 2 14,610 33,396 Asia
French Guiana 133   1   100 32 2 445 3     South America
Togo 128   9   74 45   15 1 7,896 954 Africa
Cambodia 122       120 2 1 7   12,611 754 Asia
Eswatini 119   1   12 106   103 0.9 714 615 Africa
Trinidad and Tobago 116   8   103 5   83 6 2,080 1,486 North America
Bermuda 115   7   54 54 4 1,847 112 3,374 54,176 North America
Haiti 101   12   10 79   9 1 1,037 91 North America
Aruba 101   2   82 17 4 946 19 1,780 16,672 North America
Uganda 98       55 43   2   41,478 907 Africa
Benin 96   2   50 44   8 0.2     Africa
Monaco 95   4   81 10 1 2,421 102     Europe
Guyana 93 +1 10 +1 27 56 3 118 13 680 865 South America
Bahamas 89   11   26 52 1 226 28 1,485 3,776 North America
CAR 85       10 75   18   3,498 724 Africa
Barbados 82   7   47 28 4 285 24 2,549 8,870 North America
Liechtenstein 82   1   55 26   2,151 26 900 23,605 Europe
Nepal 82       16 66   3   64,492 2,213 Asia
Mozambique 81       19 62   3   2,867 92 Africa
Cayman Islands 78 +3 1   30 47 3 1,187 15 2,752 41,873 North America
Sint Maarten 76   14   44 18 7 1,773 327 329 7,673 North America
Libya 63   3   23 37   9 0.4 2,338 340 Africa
French Polynesia 60       54 6 1 214   2,697 9,601 Australia/Oceania
South Sudan 52         52   5   1,247 111 Africa
Macao 45       39 6 1 69       Asia
Syria 44   3   27 14   3 0.2     Asia
Malawi 41   3   9 29 1 2 0.2 907 47 Africa
Mongolia 41       13 28   13   8,946 2,729 Asia
Eritrea 39       30 9   11       Africa
Saint Martin 38   3   29 6 1 983 78     North America
Angola 36   2   11 23   1 0.06 3,000 91 Africa
Zimbabwe 34   4   5 25   2 0.3 7,642 514 Africa
Antigua and Barbuda 25   3   16 6 1 255 31 153 1,562 North America
Timor-Leste 24       20 4   18   664 504 Asia
Botswana 23   1   8 14   10 0.4 8,636 3,672 Africa
Yemen 22   4   1 17   0.7 0.1 120 4 Asia
Grenada 21       13 8 4 187   1,406 12,495 North America
Laos 19       9 10   3   2,418 332 Asia
Belize 18   2   16 0   45 5 1,043 2,623 North America
Fiji 18       14 4   20   1,007 1,123 Australia/Oceania
New Caledonia 18       17 1 1 63   5,052 17,695 Australia/Oceania
Saint Lucia 18       15 3   98   446 2,429 North America
Gambia 17   1   9 7   7 0.4 562 233 Africa
St. Vincent Grenadines 17       9 8   153   137 1,235 North America
Nicaragua 16   5   7 4   2 0.8     North America
Curaçao 16   1   13 2   98 6 374 2,279 North America
Dominica 16       14 2   222   416 5,779 North America
Namibia 16       8 8   6   1,122 442 Africa
Burundi 15   1   7 7   1 0.08 284 24 Africa
Saint Kitts and Nevis 15       12 3   282   318 5,978 North America
Falkland Islands 13       13 0   3,736   388 111,494 South America
Turks and Caicos 12   1   6 5   310 26 107 2,764 North America
Montserrat 11   1   7 3 1 2,204 200 36 7,212 North America
Greenland 11       11 0   194   1,332 23,463 North America
Vatican City 11       2 9   13,733       Europe
Seychelles 11       8 3   112       Africa
Suriname 10   1   9 0   17 2 404 689 South America
MS Zaandam 9   2     7            
Mauritania 8   1   6 1   2 0.2 1,032 222 Africa
Papua New Guinea 8       8 0   0.9   2,402 268 Australia/Oceania
Bhutan 7       5 2   9   11,015 14,275 Asia
British Virgin Islands 6   1   3 2   198 33     North America
Caribbean Netherlands 6         6   229   110 4,195 North America
St. Barth 6       6 0   607       North America
Western Sahara 6       5 1   10       Africa
Anguilla 3       3 0   200       North America
Comoros 3         3   3       Africa
Saint Pierre Miquelon 1         1   173       North America
China 82,883 +2 4,633   77,911 339 26 58 3     Asia
Total: 3,727,802 +3,284 258,338 +311 1,242,347 2,227,117 49,248 478.2 33.1     All