The fundamental duties are mentioned in the Indian Constitution. These are the basic duties that a nation expects to be performed by its citizens. The fundamental rights and the fundamental duties are interconnected as a citizen who expects to have fundamental rights must be ready to perform certain duties as well. Similarly, a citizen cannot be expected to follow his or her duties without having fundamental rights.
The fundamental duties play an important role in cultivating, promoting a spirit of patriotism and to uphold the unity of India. They act as a reminder to the citizens as they remind that they have duties to perform in building a free, safe, healthy and responsible society. For a multi-racial and multi-religional country like India, the fundamental duties helps unite people from different cultures, religions and languages. In India, ten fundamental duties were added to the Indian constitution by the 42nd amendment of the constitution in 1976, based on the Swaran Singh Committee. One more fundamental duty was added to the Indian constitution by the 86th amendment in the constitution in 2002. So, at present, there are 11 fundamental duties mentioned in the Article 51A in part-IVA of Indian constitution that are as follows:
- To abide by the constitution and respect its ideals and institutions: the National Flag and the National Anthem
- To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom
- To upload and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India
- To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so
- To promote harmony and spirit of common brotherhood among Indians transcending religious, linguistic and
- regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
- To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture
- To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures
- To develop the scientific temper, humanism, and the spirit of inquiry and reform
- To safeguard the public property and to abjure violence
- To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement
- To provide opportunities for education by the parent or the guardian to his child, or ward between the age of 6 to 14 years as the case may be
Each Indian citizen is expected to perform the fundamental duties. However, the fundamental duties are non-justifiable that means a legal action can’t be taken if a person does not perform these duties.
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