Jammu and Kashmir is the state of India located in the northern part of India. It has an area of 222,236 sq. km. It shares borders with Himachal Pradesh and Punjab in the South; with China in the North, with POK in the West and with Afghanistan in the West.
The state became a part of India in 1948 after the then ruler of the state agreed to join India. The state has been given a special status under article 370 of the Indian constitution.
The state mainly comprises three divisions: Jammu, Kashmir Valley and Ladakh. It has 22 districts and has two capitals: Srinagar is the summer capital and Jammu is the winter capital. As per the 2011 census, the population of Jammu and Kashmir is 12,548,926.
The state is a popular tourist destination as it is blessed with natural beauty that includes snow-capped mountains, lakes, gardens, valleys and more. The state is known for its saffron and apples.
List of Chief Ministers of Jammu and Kashmir:
|Sr. No.||Name||Tenure||Political Party|
|1||Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq||30 March 1965 to 12 December 1971||Indian National Congress|
|2||Syed Mir Qasim||12 December 1971 to 25 February 1975||Indian National Congress|
|3||Sheikh Abdullah||25 February 1975 to 26 March 1977||National Conference|
|President’s Rule||26 March 1977 to 9 July 1977|
|4||Sheikh Abdullah||9 July 1977 to 8 September 1982||National Conference|
|5||Farooq Abdullah||8 September 1982 to 2 July 1984||National Conference|
|6||Ghulam Mohammad Shah||2 July 1984 to 6 March 1986||Awami National Conference|
|President’s Rule||6 March 1986 to 7 November 1986|
|7||Farooq Abdullah||7 November 1986 to 19 January 1990||National Conference|
|8||President’s Rule||19 January 1990 to 9 October 1996|
|9||Farooq Abdullah||9 October 1996 to 18 October 2002||National Conference|
|President’s Rule||18 October 2002 to 2 November 2002|
|12||Mufti Mohammad Sayeed||2 November 2002 to 2 November 2005||People’s Democratic Party (PDP)|
|13||Ghulam Nabi Azad||2 November 2005 to 11 July 2008||Indian National Congress|
|President’s Rule||11 July 2008 to 5 January 2009|
|15||Omar Abdullah||5 January 2009 to 9 January 2015||National Conference|
|President’s Rule||9 January 2015 to 01 March 2015|
|16||Mufti Mohammad Sayeed||1 March 2015 to 7 January 2016||PDP|
|President’s Rule||8 January 2016 to 4 April 2016|
|17||Mehbooba Mufti Sayeed||4 April 2016 to 20 June 2018||PDP|
|18||President’s Rule||20 June 2018 to Present|
|18||President’s Rule||31 October 2019 to Present|
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