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01 Oct 2022


Deserts of India
Geography, India Geography

Deserts of India 

Deserts of India

A desert is a barren land which experiences low rainfall, and it is always arid or dry and may be very hot or cold. India has many desert biomes. Each of which has its own distinctive features.

The list of Deserts of India:  

1) The Thar Desert:

o   Commonly known as Great Indian Sand Desert

o   The seventh largest desert in the world

o   Area: About 77,000 square miles (around 200000 square kilometres)

o   Location: located mostly in the state of Rajasthan to the west of Aravalli hills

o   Average annual rainfall: Less than 150 mm

o   Minimum temperature: 3 to 10 degrees Celsius in winters

o   Maximum temperature: 45 to 50 degrees Celsius in summers

2) Cold Mountain Desert of Himalayas:

o   Area: Extends from Ladakh (in the state of Jammu and Kashmir) in the north to Kinnaur (in the state of Himachal Pradesh) in the south.

o   Location: Located beside the Himalayas

o   Average Annual rainfall:  as low as 50 to 100 mm

o   Minimum temperature: below minus 30 degrees Celsius in winters

o   Maximum temperature: Around 36 degrees Celsius in summers

3) White Salt Desert of Kutch:

o   Commonly known as the White Rann or Great Rann of Kutch

o   Largest salt desert in the world.

o   Area: 2,898 square miles, extends from Kutch district of Gujarat to Sindh region of Pakistan

o   Location: State of Gujarat

o   Average annual rainfall: around 355 mm

o   Maximum temperature: Up to 50 degrees Celsius in summers

o   Minimum temperature: As low as 0 degrees Celsius in winters 

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